The Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA is the branch of the federal government in the United States charged with maintaining a good relationship between the Indian tribes and the government. The Bureau of Indian Affairs since , and its forerunner, the Office of Indian Affairs, from to , have been the primary office of the federal government responsible for the administration of Indian Affairs in the United States. They generate the largest amount of records regarding individual Indians. The National Archives and Records Administration has a vast collection of documents created by the federal government.
Microfilm copies of many of the records at the National Archives are available at the Family History Library and some FamilySearch Centers other major archives and libraries, and at regional branches of the National Archives. You may purchase microfilms from the National Archives or request photocopies of the records by using forms obtained from the Archives.businesspodden.se/una-institutriz-tentada.php
Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga'iganiing / Red Lake Nation
A privately endowed independent research library, their collections are free and open to the public. The library's Genealogy Collection includes more than 17, published family histories, and an extensive collection of local histories, military records, published indexes and abstracts, manuscripts and published sources. Family History Library. To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here. From FamilySearch Wiki. United States. American Indian Genealogy. Searching When the Tribe is Unknown.
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Search for Home Sources Thoroughly go over all home sources available to you, including family history papers, copies of records, pictures, old letters i. Interview extended family and close relatives as well as former neighbors--all of which may prove very helpful in gathering as much knowledge about an ancestor as possible.
Record names, dates, and places on family group forms and pedigree charts Contact the oldest family members to help fill in missing details Learn where the ancestor lived Learn about the family surname, oral traditions, migration moves and history Gather and search family records and memorabilia for clues and make copies Select an ancestor to learn more about Identify tribes in that area [ edit edit source ] Once you know where an American Indian ancestor lived, study maps and histories to learn which Indian tribes lived in the area at that time. At various libraries WorldCat. You can also use censuses to: Follow the family over time.
Determine family relationships. Show clues for finding other records, such as the state a person was born. Indians integrated into a local community may be listed in censuses taken before However, before "Indians not taxed" are not normally listed on regular census schedules.
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Search for Indian ancestors who were alive during the following census years. This includes Indians living among whites and on reservations. The tribe is given for each individual and his parents. It does enumerate Native Americans living within the general population. It also enumerates some groups living on reservations in the Upper Northwest, California, and the Dakotas.
There is a special census of Indians living near military installations for states: California, Washington, South Dakota, and North Dakota [ FHL film 1,,,,] census census census Tips for Searching Census Records If at first you do not find a name, try again under another spelling. Photocopy each ancestor's found in the census.
Identify where you found it. Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime. On the family group record, show each person's census listings. Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context Search in state and county records [ edit edit source ] Continue searching for the ancestor in state and county records to help verify the tribe.
Study the lives of all family members, including aunts, uncles, and cousins—not just your direct ancestors. Look for changing surnames. The name of you ancestor may have changed from one Indian name to a different Indian name. The name of your ancestor may have changed from an Indian name to a Christian name. The name may have been abbreviated. The name may be misspelled or part the name may have been dropped.
You may find a match. If your ancestor is not in an index, check the original records anyway. Some indexes do not include Americans Indians. United States Vital Records in the FamilySearch Wiki has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records Search online databases for vital records collections FamilySearch Wiki Ancestry. They identify these locations and sometimes, give historical and biographical information concerning early residents Verify the tribe in American Indian records [ edit edit source ] After establishing the tribe or tribes of your ancestor, search records specifically for American Indians and that tribe.
An Indian often had more than one name in his or her lifetime. The spelling of Indian names is a challenge, when an Indian was unable to write his or her own names someone else did it for them and mistakes occurred. A census number or an allotment number found in the records may be used to follow an Indian to other records and may help determine that an individual is who you are searching for even if the name is misspelled of changed. To prove a series of relationships more than one record need to be examined.
Relationships are unique, and maybe determined by the tribal customs. To verify an ancestor's tribe look for records at archives, libraries, and museums where agency , state and federal records about American Indian tribes are preserved: Federal Repository Libraries The federal government has designated at least one library in each state generally a major university library to receive a copy of published federal records.
Most tribes have a headquarters and official web site. Search large databases for your tribe Agency Records The majority of records of individuals were created by the agencies. Tribes of the U.
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Navigation menu Personal tools English. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read View source View history. Research Wiki. This page was last edited on 8 April , at This page has been viewed 3, times 0 via redirect Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike unless otherwise noted. American Indian Topics. Buffalo Hunt under the Wolf-Skin Mask. Beginning Research. Fed Recognized Tribes 5 Civilized Tribes. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Area Offices Reservations Superintendencies. Cultural Groups Forts Glossary. American Indian maize. Contents 1 Tribes in 49 States 2 How to find and verify an ancestor's tribe 2.
Some have been able to establish a connection to a federally recognized Indian tribe. This article explains what to do if you do not yet know the tribe. Identifying a nearby tribe is a good clue, but not always certain proof of an ancestor's tribe. Sometimes more than one tribe lived in the same area. Sometimes Indians from two different tribes married. Tips for Searching Census Records If at first you do not find a name, try again under another spelling. Table 8 allows us to compare prime-working-age American Indians and whites within the same state after controlling for the other factors.
We begin with the same Native American state data from Table 7. We then add the comparable data for whites. Thus, there is something about being an American Indian in Arizona that makes it worse in terms of employment odds than being white in Arizona.
How to update the Indian Register?
All states where there is no statistically significant difference between the state's effect on American Indian employment odds and white employment odds have a difference of 0 percentage points. These data include American Indian multiracials and Hispanics of both races, but exclude the foreign born. We can compare the conditions for American Indians and whites in a state more easily by subtracting the white column from the American Indian column.
States where American Indians perform better than whites when all else is equal have positive values. States where American Indians perform worse than whites when all else is equal have negative values. American Indians do surprisingly well relative to whites in three states: Mississippi, Oregon, and Oklahoma.